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Best And Worst Food To Eat For Type 2 Diabetes

Best And Worst Food To Eat For Type 2 Diabetes

What is type 2 diabetes?

Type 2 diabetes is a chronic condition that affects the way your body processes sugar (glucose). It is the most common form of diabetes, and it typically develops in adulthood. However, it is increasingly being diagnosed in children and adolescents due to the rise in obesity. At Preethi hospitals, we deliver world-class diabetes treatment in Madurai to manage stable conditions.

What happens in type 2 diabetes?

In people with type 2 diabetes, the body is not able to use insulin effectively, which is known as insulin resistance. As a result, sugar builds up in the blood instead of being utilised as energy. Over time, high blood sugar levels can lead to serious health problems, such as heart disease, nerve damage, blindness, kidney disease, and amputations.

Conditions for type 2 diabetes?

Risk factors for type 2 diabetes include being overweight or obese, having a family history of diabetes, being over the age of 45, and having high blood pressure. People who are physically inactive or have a diet high in added sugars and unhealthy fats are also at higher risk for developing the condition.

Food to be taken for type 2 diabetes

There is no specific “diabetes diet” that everyone with type 2 diabetes should follow. However, there are certain general guidelines that can help people with type 2 diabetes manage their blood sugar levels and reduce their risk of complications. Some of these guidelines include:

Choose foods that are high in fibre

Foods high in fibre, such as fruits, vegetables, whole grains, legumes, and nuts, can help slow down the absorption of sugar into the bloodstream and control blood sugar.

Include healthy fats in your diet

Good sources of healthy fats include avocado, olive oil, nuts, and seeds. These types of fats can help reduce inflammation and improve insulin sensitivity.

Choose protein sources that are low in saturated and trans fats

Lean proteins, such as chicken, fish, tofu, and legumes, can help keep blood sugar levels stable and support weight management.

Food to be avoided in type 2 diabetes

There are certain types of foods that people with type 2 diabetes should try to limit or avoid in order to manage their blood sugar levels and reduce their risk of complications. Some of these foods include:

Foods and drinks high in added sugars

These include soda, candy, baked goods, and sweetened beverages. These foods can cause blood sugar levels to spike and can lead to weight gain.

Refined grains

Refined grains, such as white bread, pasta, and rice, are quickly converted into sugar in the body and spike the blood sugar. It is important to choose whole grains instead.

Foods high in saturated and trans fats

Foods high in saturated and trans fats, such as fried foods, processed meats, and baked goods, can increase the risk of heart disease and worsen insulin resistance.

Alcohol

Alcohol can interfere with blood sugar control and should be consumed in moderation, if at all.

Preventive measures for Diabetes type 2

Treatment for type 2 diabetes typically includes a combination of lifestyle changes (such as regular physical activity, healthy eating, and stress management) and medication. It is important for people with type 2 diabetes to regularly monitor their blood sugar levels. To maintain a normal blood sugar level, visit Preethi hospital, one of the best diabetes centres in Madurai.

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